Factory Resetting Windows: A Step-by-Step Guide

Factory Resetting Windows
Factory Resetting Windows

Factory Resetting Windows. If your Windows computer is experiencing persistent issues, performance slowdowns, or you simply want to start fresh, performing a factory reset can be an effective solution. Factory resetting Windows reinstalls the operating system and restores your computer to its original state, erasing all personal files and installed applications. In this article, we will guide you through the process of performing a factory reset on Windows, ensuring a clean and optimized system.

Disclaimer: Before proceeding with a factory reset, it is crucial to back up all important files and data to prevent permanent loss.

  1. Table of Contents

    Backup Your Data:

Before initiating a factory reset, take the time to back up any important files, documents, photos, and other data that you want to keep. Copy them to an external hard drive, cloud storage, or another computer to ensure their safety.

  1. Accessing Recovery Options:

Windows provides various methods to access recovery options depending on your specific computer model and version of Windows. Here are a few common methods:

a. Windows Settings: Open the Start menu, click on the Settings gear icon, then go to “Update & Security” > “Recovery.” From there, you can access the recovery options.

b. Advanced Startup: Restart your computer and press the appropriate key (usually F11 or F12) during the boot process to enter the advanced startup options. Select “Troubleshoot” > “Reset this PC” to proceed.

c. Recovery Partition: Some computers have a dedicated recovery partition. To access it, restart your computer and look for on-screen prompts or press a specific key (e.g., F9 or F10) during boot to launch the recovery partition.

  1. Choose Reset Option:

Once you have accessed the recovery options, you will typically have two options:

a. Keep My Files: This option removes all installed applications and settings but retains your personal files. However, it is still advisable to back up your files beforehand, as there is a possibility of data loss during the reset process.

b. Remove Everything: This option wipes all data, including personal files, applications, and settings. It restores Windows to its original state as if you just purchased the computer.

  1. Follow On-screen Instructions:

After selecting the desired reset option, follow the on-screen instructions provided by the Windows recovery environment. These instructions may vary slightly depending on your Windows version and computer manufacturer. Read the prompts carefully and confirm your choices before proceeding.

  1. Initiate the Factory Reset:

Once you have confirmed the reset, the factory reset process will begin. Windows will reinstall the operating system, remove all files and applications, and restore the computer to its original settings. This process may take some time, so be patient and avoid interrupting it.

  1. Set Up Windows:

After the factory reset is complete, your computer will restart. You will be guided through the initial Windows setup process, which includes choosing language preferences, creating a user account, and configuring basic settings.

  1. Reinstall Applications and Restore Data:

Once Windows is up and running, you will need to reinstall your preferred applications and restore your backed-up files. Install applications from trusted sources and transfer your data back to the appropriate locations on your computer.


Performing a factory reset on Windows can be an effective way to resolve persistent issues and start with a fresh installation. By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article, you can navigate the process smoothly and restore your computer to its original state. Remember to back up your data, carefully follow the on-screen instructions, and exercise caution to avoid data loss during the reset process.


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